||A North Carolina 501C3 Educational Nonprofit Archive Documenting, Preserving, and Promoting Residential Modernist Architecture|
Enjoy browsing, but unless otherwise noted, these houses are private property and closed to the public -- so don't go tromping around uninvited.
LEIF VALAND (1915-1985)
Leif Valand was born in Norway and came to Jersey City NY as a boy. He attended the Pratt Institute in New York City then practiced architecture in Scarsdale NY. He moved to Raleigh in the late 1940s to design the Cameron Village Shopping Center for developers J. Willie York and R. A. Bryan. The vision was massive, even by today's standards, comprising 65 stores, 112 offices, 566 apartment units, and 100 private homes.
During his heyday, he was one of the most prolific architects in Raleigh. With just a few employees, his extensive contacts with Raleigh's business and real estate elite gained incredible commissions. Cameron Village Shopping Center was just the beginning. Later came Cameron Village Office Buildings, Cameron Village Apartments (St. Mary’s, Smallwood, Nichols, Daniels), Enloe High School, The Federal Building on New Bern Avenue, North Ridge Country Club, North Hills Shopping Center, the Central Raleigh YMCA, the Velvet Cloak Hotel, the State Administration Building, the Raleigh Women's Club, and St. Michael's Episcopal Church. In 1969, Valand took on a partner, Nelson Benzing. Eventually, Valand became very ill and retired. Due to this and a bad economy, Benzing closed the firm. Few of his records remain. According to Benzing, Valand's blueprints were lost by his executors.
Valand and his wife Wymene and three sons lived in a 1952 house at 706 Woodburn Road, Raleigh, designed by Charles Davis of Cooper Haskins. Valand would later adapt the one-level house for his wheelchair. That house was sold to Justine Rozier in 1989. 2200 square feet, below.
1946 - The J. Willie York Residence I, 1904 Craig Street, Raleigh. The 3.5-acre traditional ranch home of prominent developer J. Willie York, one first ranch-type houses in Raleigh. Deeded to his son, former Raleigh Mayor George "Smedes" York. Two additions, as shown above, at the left and right rear of the house.
1950 - The James and Florence C. Poyner House, 710 Smedes Place, Raleigh. Deeded to his son James Poyner III in the 1990's. Deeded to Edythe Poyner. Sold in 2015 to Frank Thompson and Charman Driver. Photo by Leilani Carter.
1950 - The Peden Guest House on 909 Willliamson Drive, Raleigh, adjacent to the main Peden house. There was a small fire in 1958 which required remodeling. In 1965, a bedroom wing was added. The family allowed the Junior League of Raleigh to use it as offices during the late 1960's until the Pedens retired in 1983. Their larger multistory home next door was too large and not on one level, so they moved here, expanding the kitchen and adding a deck. After they passed away, their daughter Melissa Peden moved here in 1996 and still owned it as of 2012. Hurricane Fran brought her a quick housewarming present, a new roof. Top two photos by Leilani Carter. Other photos by George Smart.
1951 - The Ed N. and Helene Richards House. 2116 Banbury Road, Raleigh. Richards was the developer for Country Club Homes, Northridge Country Club, and North Hills Mall. Richards was instrumental in attracting architect Nelson Benzing to join Valand's practice. Sold to Robert and Evelyn Andrews in 1975. Sold in 1985 to Samuel and Bonnie Thompson who still owned the property as of 2011.
1952 - The Frederick (Fred) and Mary Dixon House,
105 King William Road, Raleigh. The project architect in Valand's office was Robert Hall, who later bought the house. Sold in 1954 to Marion Wyatt. Sold to a Parrish. Sold in 1963 to Robert and Jane C. Hall. Paul McCobb designed the living room. Sold in 1982 to Cyril Allen. As of 2012 owned by Hengameh and Cyril Allen. Architect
Dail Dixon grew up there.
1952 - According to architectural historian M. Ruth Little, Valand is the likely architect for the Thompson House, 715 Greenwood Road, Chapel Hill. 2796 sf. Color photo by Dail Dixon. Sold to Harry and Erma Gold in 1973. Sold in 1992 to Thomas Krenitsky. Sold in 2001 to Joseph Sica. Sold in 2003 to Thomas Tucker. Sold in 2008 to Joseph H. Sica Trust. As of 2011 owned by Airco LLC. Sold in 2012 to Monica Truemper and Andreas Ritter. Sold in 2013 to Arturo Morasoft.
1952 - The George Viall Residence, 3100 Granville Drive, Raleigh. Sold to Andy and Melinda Knowles in 2002. They painted the front brick due to irreparable damage. The view out the window is the Carolina Country Club golf course. Bottom two photos by Melinda Knowles.
1952 - The Banks Kerr House, 703 Smedes Place, Raleigh. Sold to Elihue and Fleita Lewis in 1965. Sold to John and Clida Young in 1966. Sold in 1985 to John and Susan Williams. Photo by Leilani Carter.
1953 - The I. J. and Sophie Green Residence, 1715 Picadilly Lane, Raleigh. Upon Sophie's death it was sold to Tuscany Construction Group in 2006 who destroyed it in 2007. In 2009, the new house (bottom photo) was sold to Shervin Tahssili.
1956 - The Pierce Oliver "Kidd" Brewer House, 5509 Homewood Banks Drive, Raleigh. The property was also known as "Belle Acres" after Brewer's mother, Jennie Belle Jones Brewer. Brewer was a star football player and coach then an aide to two U.S. senators. In the 1950s he bought 115 acres of land at what was then outside of Raleigh near the intersection of US70 and the forthcoming Raleigh Beltline. Soon this area would become Crabtree Valley, one of the biggest shopping centers in the South.
This fabulous house was high above Crabtree Creek, the first in Raleigh to have both indoor and outdoor swimming pools. It was featured in the News and Observer on February 17, 1957. Valand's son Mark recalls the house was featured in either Life or Look Magazine as well. In the middle 1980's, Brewer converted the house into Crossroads Restaurant. Brewer died in 1991. Eventually the restaurant closed and was replaced in 1993 by a new restaurant, It's Prime Only. That restaurant closed in 1999 and the building was abandoned for several years. It burned in 2005.
Brewer's nephew Ben Brewer recalls that "the home was built as a square horseshoe. One pool was located just North of the home by about 30 feet. It overlooked the Crabtree Valley where the Mall now sits. In the younger years we would sit by the pool and look over the acres down to a pretty good sized lake. The lake site would probably be in one of the Mall parking areas...if not directly inside the mall. The second smaller pool I would say measured 15 feet by 20 feet in size. It was on the inside of the horseshoe. There was a tree growing right through the ceiling to the outside. I don't recall exactly, but I think the roofing there was some kind of hard plastic covering. The east wing of the horseshoe had the bedrooms and bathrooms in it. The top of the horseshoe, if it were standing on end, housed a very large living room and kitchen all open. Then on the east part of the horseshoe was another middle sized room used for personal talking. It didn't get much use as I recall. Most family gatherings took place in the main grand room. It had floor to ceiling glass panels which gave one a panorama view of all of the area east to west and north for as far as the eye could see."
As of June 2009 all that remained were a few concrete beams.
About 1963 - The J. Willie York House II, Pleasant Valley Drive, Raleigh. The house took several years to build. It became known for its immaculate gardens and landscaping by Lewis Clarke. In 1972, it was damaged by fire that broke out about 2:30pm in downstairs family room spread to an adjoining bedroom. It was slated to be remodeled as a clubhouse for an apartment complex but was destroyed instead. Photos by Lewis Clarke.
About 1970 - The J. Willie York House III, Newton Road, Raleigh. York moved out decades later and gave the property to adjacent Ravenscroft School. The U-shaped building featured two bedroom wings and one common area wing all joined by an interior garden. Along one side was a conservatory 60 feet long which featured a swimming pool. The school destroyed the house for a new building in 2007. Landscaping by Lewis Clarke. Photos by Ravenscroft. It was really quite a substantial house; if you have photos of the exterior, please contact us.
|Sources include: M. Ruth Little's The Development of Modernism in Raleigh 1945-1965, son Mark Valand, Smedes York, Phil York, Charles Davis, Yona Owens, Ben Brewer as told to Dave Potter.|